1.4.11 Urban Farming
Integrate the food production cycle into the built environment within building gardens, terraces, atria and rooftop greenhouses in order to reduce the energy intensity of our food system.
Urban farms can be integrated as shaded viewing terraces, in planters suitable for the local climate, or in high ceiling atrium-type spaces. Modular or separated configurations may be used for taller or larger buildings.
Plants are grown and managed in green houses, terraces, atria or vertical gardens with soil or hydroponically. When intensive green roofs are used, structural loading issues should be considered.
Strategic grouping with air-intake and structural systems can be cost effective. When combined with outside air intakes, sky gardens may be part of a natural ventilation and cross ventilation concept. Integration with building ventilation systems may lead to lower operational energy building costs.
Land area required for farming is reduced when stacked vertically in an urban environment. There is also a savings in food-related transportation costs when the food source is integrated into an urban environment. The quality of the urban environment is improved by urban farming and can lead to higher building and unit values. As a symbol of health and wellbeing, the gardens in a building become amenities and could be reserved by tenants for private use.
Market viability and space allocation are the main criteria for urban farms. Low-impact areas include the roof and vertical stacking can be introduced in high-rise structures.
1.4.9 Green Roof
2.1.1 Rainwater Storage and Reuse
4.6.1 Heat Island Effect